02-3606 Women's Sam Edelman Penny Riding Boot, Boot, Boot, Size 12M 5918e9

02-3606 Women's Sam Edelman Penny Riding Boot, Boot, Boot,  Size 12M 5918e9

Item specifics

Condition: :
An item that has been or previously. See the seller’s listing for full details and description of any imperfections.See all condition definitions- opens in a new window or tab
Seller Notes: GOOD CONDITION SEE PICTURES FOR MORE DETAILS !!
Style: Riding Boots Brand: Sam Edelman
US Shoe Size (Women's): US 12 UPC: Does not apply
Women's High Heel Side Zip Faux Suede Pointy Toe Over Knee Thigh Boots Shoes szWomens Platform Ankle Boots Belt Buckle Pumps Winter High Wedge Heels Shoes Lit0,Zipper Pointed Toe Chunky High Heels Pull On Casual Women's Ankle Boots Sbox1,The Fix Women's Esmeralda Bow Slide Pointed Toe Flat,Women's Patent Leather Stiletto High Platform Round Toe Sexy Over The Knee Boots,NEW Bearpaw SHANTELLE Hickory SUEDE 2 Tone Buckle Accent Boot (sizes),Womens Pointy Toe High Block Heels Rhinestone Chain Ankle Boot British Zip ShoesWomens Slim Back Zip Over Knee Boots Block Low Heels Shoes Warm Shoes Casual U90,New Fashion Womens winter Warm knee high Boots pull on wedge heels snow shoes Sz,Sweet Womens Ankel Boots Furry Zipper Snow Boots Winter Warm Shoes Flat Plus Sz,Womens Over The Knee High Suede Boots Zipper Low Heeled Street Casual Shoes New,Women Sweet Ankle Boots Stilettos Beads Decor Side Zip Faux SUede ShoesBrinley Co Women's Blaire Knee High Boot Chestnut Wide 8 Wide/Wide Shaft US,JustFab Women's Philipa Taupe Heeled Thigh High Over The Knee Boot Sz 8 US $80,Sexy womens chunky heels pointy toe soft zippers suede over the knee high bootsWomen's Pointy Toe Booties Ankle Boots Stilettos Side Zipper Shoes Metal 11.5Hardy Design Works Women's Ledbury Leather Black/Cognac Boots Size 7.5M,Jessica Simpson Women's Sadora Ankle Bootie Olive Taupe 9.5 M US,Womens Soft Ankle Boots White Black Comfort Breathable Hot Shoes Printed KnittedBrinley Co Women's Valdis Ankle Boot Black Size 6.5 aXMg,Ladies Unbranded Beige Leather Cowgirl Boots Sz:8.5 M (Z )Womens Zip Luxury Fur Chain Round Toe Winter Warm Sweet Flat Ankle Boots Shoes@Red Square Thick High Heels Platform Ankle Boots Spring Short Fashion SoftNew Fashion Womens Short Boots Solid Block Heel Solid Shoes Warm Faux Suede BootBearpaw Tessa Snow Winter Boots, Hickory II,Women Wedge Side Zipper Elegant Real Leather Increase Mid-high Heels Boots sz,Fashion Womens Vintage Belet Buckle Faux Leather Biker Boots Slip On Ankle Boots,New Clarks $149 Size 10 Mission Manor Gray Ankle Boots!,Womens Rivets Stilettos High Heels Pointed Toe Sexy Black Ankle Boots Back Zip MWomen Chic Fringes Knee High Boots BOHO Hidden Wedge Heels Platform Beads Shoes,

Africa has six of the world’s fastest growing economies in 2018, but experts warn of danger

According to data from The World Bank, Africa will be home to six of the world’s fastest-growing economies in 2018. The financial institution forecasts growth of 3.2% for the year across Africa, up from 2.4% in 2017, and estimates further growth of 3.5% in 2019.

The outlook for Africa’s economies is generally quite positive for 2018, but some experts warn that the continent’s largest economies need to do more. Without Africa’s three largest economies – Angola, Nigeria and South Africa – the region’s growth would be at 5% for 2018, a significant jump from the current 3.2%.

Brahima Coulibaly, director of Brookings’ Africa Growth Initiative says Africa’s largest economies are in danger of making little progress over the next decade unless they implement economic reforms and introduce policies to encourage growth.

“These large economies are at risk of a lost decade unless policymakers implement significant reforms to shift the growth model away from excessive reliance on oil in Angola and Nigeria and, in the case of South Africa, to overcome structural problems—many inherited from the apartheid era,” he said.

His warning comes at a time when the world’s fastest-growing economies aren’t reliant on commodities like the region’s biggest players have been for years.

Rise of non-commodity economies

Source: ATLAS, The World Bank

According to The World Bank, Ghana is the world’s fastest-growing economy in 2019, overtaking Ethiopia which moves down into second. Côte d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Senegal and Tanzania complete the lists of African nations in the top ten. These are the countries driving the region’s growth this year but experts are concerned about stalling economic progress in Africa’s largest economies.

Countries like Ghana and Ethiopia have achieved economic stability by diversifying their economies with a heavy emphasis on privatised business. While Africa’s biggest economic names remain highly reliant on commodities that are struggling to maintain growth. Experts suggest Nigeria, Angola, South Africa and Africa’s other commodity reliant economies are in serious danger if they can’t diversify.

While oil prices are expected to recover this year, the likes of Nigeria and Angola – Africa’s largest oil producers – will continue to suffer from market fluctuations unless they develop other areas of their economies.

Meanwhile, debt in these countries continues to rise.

A tighter international community

Another issue experts are warning African nations about is an international community that spends less on sending aid to Africa. We’ve already seen the UK announce it will stop sending aid to drought-hit parts of Kenya and suggest other countries could see British funding cut, too.

Historically, Britain is Africa’s strongest voice in debating how much aid it should receive from the EU. Brexit not only means African nations lose a key ally in the EU, it is also forcing the UK to rethink the way it sends funding to overseas countries. Meanwhile, the Trump administration also appears to be taking a more strict approach to international spending – a trend that’s catching on as advanced economies take a more protectionist stance than we’re used to seeing.

The result for Africa is that – now more than ever – countries need to stand on their own two feet and build their own economies via diverse, sustainable development.

Featured image: ATLAS

About Aaron Brooks

Aaron Brooks is a UK journalist who wants to cut out the international agendas in news. Spending his early years in both England and Northern Ireland he saw the difference between reality and media coverage at an early age. After graduating from the University of Chester with a BA in journalism, his travels revealed just how large the gap between news and the real world can be. As Editor-in-Chief at East Africa Monitor, it’s his job to provide a balanced view of what’s going on in the region for English-speaking audiences.

Search
Newsletter
Popular
Follow me on Twitter Tweets by @Eafricamonitor
Man/Woman Velvet Ankle Booties Big clearance sale Let our goods go to the world A balance between toughness and hardness,